Walkers Reserve has some challenges in terms of wind, salt spray and soil that is currently without organic matter. After a couple years of establishing fast growing nitrogen fixers and a wide variety of our endemic salt tolerant species however, these conditions will change.  As time goes on, the species below will become much more relevant and exciting to add into the system.  This list is not exhaustive as Walkers Reserve is in the humid tropics and has a fair amount of moisture year-round.  With conditions like these, there are surely hundreds more plants that would fit into these systems.  This list is an attempt at selecting some of the best.

Full Species List

-First compiled by Eric Toensmeier

To see the list with more information about each plant, click here.

Latin Name

Common Name

Present on site

Barbados status


Inocarpus fagifer Tahitian Chestnut nitrogen fixer
Aloe vera Aloes cultivated, naturalized living fence
Neptunia oleracea Water Mimosa nitrogen fixer
Moringa oleifera Horse radish Tree naturalized fodder, living fence
Musa paradisiaca Plantain cultivated fodder
Canna edulis Edible Canna cultivated Caribbean
Morus alba Mulberry cultivated fodder
Calliandra calothrysus Calliandra cultivated, naturalized nitrogen fixer, contour hedgerow, living fence fodder
Bursera simarumba West Indian Birch, Turpentine Tree, Gumbo Limbo yes native living fence
Cymbopogon citratus Lemon Grass cultivated, naturalized living fence
Bambusa spp. Clumping Bamboos naturalized living fence, fodder
Opuntia ficus-indica Nopale Cactus cultivated fodder
Trichostigma octandrum Hoop Withe, Basket Vine native fodder
Arachis pintoi Forage Peanut nitrogen fixer, fodder
Spondias purpurea Jamaica Plum cultivated living fence
Metroxylon sagu Sago fodder
Agave barbadensis Coratoe, Maypole endemic contour hedgerow, living fence
Acacia tortuosa Akasee, Sweet Briar yes native nitrogen fixer, living fence
Vigna unguiculata Black-Eye Pea naturalized nitrogen fixer
Psophocarpus tetragonobolus Winged Bean nitrogen fixer
Theobroma cacao Cacao cultivated
Phaseolus lunatus Lima Bean, White Bean cultivated, naturalized nitrogen fixer
Lablab purpureus Bonavist, Lablab Bean cultivated, naturalized nitrogen fixer, fodder
Cajanus cajan Pigeon Pea, Green Pea yes cultivated, naturalized nitrogen fixer, living fence, fodder
Canavalia maritima Seaside Bean native? nitrogen fixer
Alysicarpus vaginalis yes naturalized nitrogen fixer
Albizia lebbek Woman’s Tongue, Shak-Shak, Barbados Ebony naturalized nitrogen fixer, fodder
Zizyphus mauritania Dunks, Indian Jujube cultivated
Tamarindus indica Tamarind cultivated
Syzygium malaccense Pomerac, Malay Apple cultivated
Tectonia grandis Teak naturalized
Hibiscus sabdariffa Sorrel, Roselle cultivated
Saccharum officinale Sugar Cane cultivated, naturalized
Sechium edule Christophine cultivated
Trichosanthes cucumerina Snake Gourd cultivated
Cinnamomum zeylandicum Cinnamon
Elettaria cardamomum Cardamom cultivated
Piper nigrum Black Pepper
Vanilla planifolia Vanilla
Zingiber officinale Ginger cultivated
Dendrocalamus spp. Clumping Bamboos naturalized living fence, fodder
Allium fistulosum Skellion, Welsh Onion cultivated
Eleocharis dulcis Water Chestnut
Nelumbo nucifera Water Lotus naturalized
Colocasia esculenta White Eddo, Dasheen, Taro cultivated
Dioscorea alata Lisban Yam, Greater Yam cultivated
Dioscorea bulbifera Air Potato
Dioscorea cayenensis Yellow Yam cultivated
Dioscorea rotundata White Yam, Guinea Yam cultivated
Dioscorea trifida Cush Cush Yam cultivated
Ipomoea batatas Sweet Potato cultivated
Manihot esculenta Cassava cultivated
Maranta arundiancea Arrow Root cultivated
Xanthosoma saggitifolium Tannia, Tannier cultivated
Azadirachta indica Neem naturalized
Capsicum annuum Bonny Pepper cultivated
Capsicum frutescens Bird Pepper, Finger Pepper, Spur Pepper cultivated
Anacardium occidentale Cashew yes cultivated
Cocos nucifera Coconut yes naturalized
Brosimum alicastrum Mayan Breadnut
Macadamia integrifolia Macadamia
Pachira aquatica Wild Chestnut cultivated, rare
Terminalia catappa Barbados Almond, Indian Almond yes cultivated, naturalized
Morinda citrifolia Noni naturalized
Ipomoea aquatia Kang Kong
Amaranthus spp. Spinach, Pigweed yes cultivated
Basella alba Malabar Spinach cultivated Caribbean
Sauropus androgynus Katuk fodder
Xanthosoma saggitifolium Taioba (leaf tannier) native
Artocarpus camansi Breadnut cultivated
Artocarpus heterophylla Jakfruit cultivated?
Ananas comosa Pineapple, Pine cultivated living fence
Annona hybrid Atemoya
Annona muricata Soursop cultivated, native
Annona reticulata Custard Apple cultivated, naturalized
Annona squamosa Sugar Apple cultivated, native
Artocarpus altilis Breadfruit cultivated
Averrhoa carambola Carambola cultivated
Carica papaya Pawpaw, Papaya cultivated, naturalized
Carissa macrocarpa Carissa
Chrysobalanus icaco Fat Pork, Cocoplum yes native, cultivated
Citrus aurantifolia Lime cultivated
Citrus aurantium Sour Orange cultivated
Citrus limon Lemon cultivated
Citrus maxima Shaddock, Pumello cultivated
Citrus medica Citron cultivated
Citrus paradisi Grapefruit cultivated
Citrus putative Ortanique cultivated
Citrus reticulata Mandarin cultivated
Citrus sinensis Grafted orange cultivated
Coccoloba uvifera Sea Grape yes native, cultivated
Dacyroides edulis Butterfruit
Eugenia uniflora Surinam Cherry cultivated
Flacourtia indica Governor’s Plum cultivated Caribbean
Garcinia mangostana Mangosteen cultivated
Inga laurina Spanish Oak native nitrogen fixer
Litchi chinensis Litchee, Lychee cultivated
Malphigia glabra Barbados Cherry, Acerola cultivated
Mammea americana Mamey Apple cultivated
Mangifera indica Mango cultivated
Manilkara zapota Sapodilla cultivated
Melicoccus bijugatus Akee, Quenepa cultivated
Musa acuminata Banana cultivated fodder
Nephilium lappaccum Rambutan
Passiflora edulis Passion Fruit cultivated
Passiflora laurifolia Water Lemon cultivated
Passiflora ligularis Sweet Granadilla cultivated Caribbean
Passiflora maliformis Bell Apple, Sweet Cup cultivated Caribbean
Passiflora quadrangularis cultivated Caribbean
Pereskia aculeata Gooseberry cultivated, native
Persea americana Avocado, Pear cultivated
Phyllanthus acidus cultivated Caribbean
Physalis peruviana Goldenberry
Pouteria kampechiana Canistel
Pouteria sapota Mamey Sapote cultivated Caribbean
Psidium guajava Guava cultivated, naturalized
Punica granatum Pomegranite cultivated
Solanum quitoense Naranjilla
Spondias dulcis Golden Apple cultivated
Spondias mombin Hog Plum cultivated
Syzygium jambos Rose Apple cultivated
Casuarina equisitifolia Casuarina yes naturalized nitrogen fixer, living fence
Chrysopogon zizanoides Vetiver naturalized contour hedgerow, living fence
Clitoria ternatea Blue Vine yes naturalized nitrogen fixer
Crotolaria pumila yes native nitrogen fixer
Crotolaria retusa Yellow Shak-Shak, Wild Sweet Pea, Rattle Bush yes native? nitrogen fixer
Dalbergia ecastaphyllum Hoop Wood native nitrogen fixer
Desmanthus virgatus yes native? nitrogen fixer
Desmodium tortuosum yes native nitrogen fixer
Desmodium triflorum yes nitrogen fixer
Enterolobium cyclocarpum Guanacaste nitrogen fixer, fodder
Erythrina corallodendrum Lent Tree, Judas Tree, Devils Tree, Bea Tree native nitrogen fixer
Euphorbia tirwalli Pencil Euphorbia living fence
Faidherbia albida Winterthorn nitrogen fixer, fodder
Flemingia macrophylla Flemingia nitrogen fixer, contour hedgerow, living fence, fodder
Gliricidia sepium Madre de Cacao naturalized nitrogen fixer, contour hedgerow, living fence, fodder
Indigofera suffruticosa Indigo yes native nitrogen fixer
Lemna perpusilla Duckweed native fodder (aquatic)
Leucaena leucocephala Wild Mimosa yes naturalized nitrogen fixer, contour hedgerow, living fence, fodder
Mimosa pudica Shame Bush, Sensitive Plant yes native? nitrogen fixer
Mucuna pruriens Cow Itch, Velvet Bean naturalized nitrogen fixer
Neptunia plena Shame Bush yes native nitrogen fixer
Panicum maximum Guinea Grass yes cultivated, naturalized contour hedgerow, fodder
Panicum trichocladum Creeping Guinea Grass fodder
Pennisetum purpureum Elephant Grass cultivated, naturalized contour hedgerow, fodder
Phaseolus adenanthus yes native? nitrogen fixer
Pithecellonium unguis-cati Bread and Cheese, Moabite, Mangrove Bead Tree yes native nitrogen fixer
Rynchosia phaseoleoides Wild Liquorice yes native nitrogen fixer
Samanea saman Monkey Pod nitrogen fixer, fodder
Sesbania bispinosa yes naturalized nitrogen fixer
Sesbania grandiflora Sesbania naturalized nitrogen fixer, fodder
Stylosanthes hamata yes Caribbean native nitrogen fixer
Teramnus labialis Rabbit Vine, Horse Vine yes naturalized
Tithonia diversifolia Mexican Sunflower cultivated contour hedgerow, living fence, fodder
Tripsacum laxum Guatemala Grass cultivated, naturalized
Vetiferia zizanoides Khus Khus, Vetiver cultivated, naturalized living fence
Vigna vexatilla yes naturalized nitrogen fixer
Yucca guatemalensis Izote
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